Memahami Tantangan Teologi Pluralisme dan Teologi Pembebasan

Yafet M Paembonan

Abstract


The diversity of religious beliefs in today's society has the potential to cause conflict, that is if each group insists on the truth it believes. Theology of pluralism is presently offering a new religion based on all the truths that are recognized. But is theology pluralism really the answer, or does it have a greater negative impact? At first glance, the emergence of a theology of pluralism is similar to the emergence of liberation theology as an attempt to answer theological problems. So in this study, the relationship between pluralism theology and liberation theology is discussed, as well as the impact of plural theology. Researchers conduct literature studies to examine the theology of pluralism, make comparisons, and ultimately draw conclusions. From this research, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between plural theology and liberation theology and that pluralism theology impacts relativism in standards, so there is no absolute moral standard.

 

Abstrak: Keberagaman keyakinan agama di kalangan masyarakat masa kini berpotensi menimbulkan konflik, yaitu apabila masing-masing kelompok bersikukuh pada kebenaran yang diyakininya. Teologi pluralisme hadir menawarkan sebuah agama baru yang bertolak dari semua kebenaran yang diakui. Namun apakah teologi pluralisme sungguh-sungguh menjadi jawaban, ataukah justru memiliki dampak negatif yang lebih besar? Sekilas, kemunculan teologi pluralisme mirip dengan kemunculan teologi pembebasan sebagai sebuah upaya menjawab masalah teologis. Maka dalam penelitian ini dibahas hubungan antara teologi pluralisme dan teologi pembebasan, serta dampak dari teologi pluralisme. Peneliti melakukan studi pustaka untuk mencermati teologi pluralisme, melakukan komparasi, dan pada akhirnya menarik kesimpulan. Dari penelitian ini disimpulkan bahwa ada hubungan antara teologi pluralisme dan teologi pembebasan, dan bahwa teologi pluralisme berdampak pada relativisme dalam standar, sehingga tidak ada standar moral yang absolut.

 


Keywords


gray theology; liberation theology; pluralism; soteriology; pluralisme; soteriologi; teologi abu-abu; teologi pembebasan

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References


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Zaluchu, Sonny Eli. “Mengkritisi Teologi Sekularisasi.” KURIOS (Jurnal Teologi dan Pendidikan Agama Kristen) 4, no. 1 (2018): 26–38. www.sttpb.ac.id/e-journal/index.php/kurios.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.38189/jtbh.v2i1.26

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